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Mycotoxigenic Fungi Introduction

    The first report of fungal poisoning was caused by Ciavieps purpurea a few hundred years ago. Now, a number of enterotoxigenic fungi have been identified, and many secondary metabolites of toxic strains have also been identified.
    Among them, the most important toxin-producing fungi are: aspergillus mycotoxins including aflatoxin, aspergillus acid, kojic acid, ochratoxin, patulin, penicillic acid, sterigmatocystin and sterigmatocystin. Penicillium mycotoxins include citreoviridin, griseofulvin, red pigment, luteoskyrin, ochratoxin A, patulin, penicillic acid. Fusarium mycotoxins include fumagillin, fumonisin, trichothecene (including T-2 Toxin and deoxynivalenol and zearalenone).
    Many fungal toxins were detected after the onset of animals, in particular farm animals; not detected from human diseases. Some fungi toxin was detected by the tissue culture method in the laboratory. It has not been confirmed whether or not many fungal toxins cause humans disease, but it is not in question that it is necessary to try to reduce food contamination by aflatoxin, ochratoxin A, fumagillin, zearalenone and patulin and so on.